Brussels, Bibliothèque Royale, IV 621.14-15-32

[Part 1]

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General information

Folios3
Folio notes:Three folios of the same manuscript. The first folio in the sequence (IV 621.32, here referred to as f. 1) was not discovered until 1967 and was added last to the collection of fragments. The other two folios (IV 621.14 and IV 621, here referred to as f. 2 and f. 3) were discovered earlier.
LanguageFrench - Northern localisation or influence
Approx. datec. 1300
Date notesDating based on the script and illustration. Also see: Van Hoecke 1987, 256. Three distinct hands, the third of which, according to Van Hoecke, is slightly later than the first two. Mise en page, decoration and provenance (the leaves were used as covers for the accounts of the Benedictine monks of Gembloux for the years 1597, 1589-1590 and 1591) suggest that these leaves originally belonged to the same manuscript, and also to the same campaign in the production process.
Place(s) of productionNorthern France
Determined on the basis of language and illustration. Also see: Van Hoecke 1987, 256-257. Remarkable forms (f. 1vb, 1vc, 2rd, 'iou', f. 1va and 1vc 'ki', f. 3rc 'ceval'.
First words of second recto folio[f. 2ra] aler auec lui
First words of last recto folio[f. 3ra] dist a mon segnor yuain
Incipit[f. 1ra] sen estoit alee de la porte . v ele / auoit este sourcloi(?r?)e . (et) bien / qui doit que li ch(eualie)rs fust mors / Si en ot tel duel q(ue) ele nosa re / torner a sa dame del lac . auis / se rendi en la premiere mai / son de religion q(ue) ie troua :
Explicit[f. 3vd] outre . (et) il a si grant a[n] / goisse que il ne lor pu [.]

Material

Material:vellum
Watermark:na
Condition:This appears to have been a large format, luxuriously executed manuscript, written on good quality vellum. Although the decoration (pen-flourished initials) may not be of the highest standard (compare the contemporary manuscript BnF fr. 95 and its accompanying volume in Yale), the broad margins suggest a valuable copy. The condition is not the same for all three fragments. The upper margin of all three has been trimmed, as has at least one of the side margins, resulting in text loss in the upper margin for f. 2 (IV 621.14) and loss of text in the outer margin of f. 3 (IV 621.15). In general, f. 1 is in the best condition, although with some staining. Folio 2, on the other hand is in the worst condition; the verso side of the folio is heavily worn, and the folio is damaged in the outer margin .

Structure

Collation:

na

Quire structure:Three separate folios from three distinct quires. The catchword on f. 1v indicates that this was the final folio of a quire.
Quire marks:
Catchwords:
Catchword disposition:verso of the final leaf of the quire, lower right-hand corner, framed

Physical description

General description:Three leaves from the same manuscript, written by three different scribes.
No. of illustrations:1
General illustration:Miniature framed in a blue and red border with gilt background. Characters are in stiff upright positions, conversation is underlined with gesturing. The dominant colours are blue and red.
General decoration:The text is structured by miniatures followed by a pen-flourished puzzle initial (height: three lines). Further subdivision by means of pen-decorated initials (height: 2 lines), alternatively blue and red, with flourishings in the contrasting colour. Guide letters in the margin (except for f. 2). In the text, the initial letters of proper names, some conjunctions and instances of direct speech are highlighted with a dash of rubric.
Evidence of readership:None
Foliations description:None

Mise en page

Description 1The margins of folios 2 and 3 have been heavily cropped by the binder. A note accompanying IV 621.15 informs us that the size before trimming was approximately 440x320 mm. Folio 1, which was discovered later, was inserted into the collection without being additionally cropped. However, as in the case of f. 2 and 3 the upper margin and possibly also outer margin were cropped before the folios were used as cover for the accounts of the Benedictine abbey of Gembloux.
Page sampledf. 1ra
LayoutNone
Page dimensions425x325 (mm)
Justification305x255 (mm)
Columns4
18mm between columns
Column ruling present in ruling faded or effaced (Plummet )
Lines65
Line ruling present in ruling faded or effaced (Plummet )
RubricationRubrication is used for initials and flourishing. Red ink is also used to highlight the first letters of conjunctions, proper names and direct speech in the text.
Writing above top line?False
Sample page layout:

Hand(s)

Level of Execution:Libraria
ScriptNorthern textualis
Folio rangeFrom f. 1ra to f. 1vd
Datec. 1300
Scribe description:Northern textualis rontundus with double compartment 'a', the upper compartment of which is not closed. Predominant use of straight 's', occasional us of round 's' in final position at the end of the verseline. Some occurence of trailing 's' in final position at the end of the verseline. 'U' and 'v' used in initial position. I-longa used after 'u'. Potentially remarkable is the use of capital 'r' (f. 1rb 'Rois'). Abbreviations include tironian note (uncrossed), nasal bar, also used for q(ue), apostrophe, con-abbreviation (9), superscript 'i', Profuse use of punctus. No indication of word-separation.
Notes

Level of Execution:Libraria
ScriptNorthern textualis
Folio rangeFrom f. 2ra to f. 2vd
Datec. 1300
Scribe description:Northern textualis rotundus with double compartment 'a' with open upper compartment, predominant use of round 's' in final position, also some occurences of long 's' in final position. The bow of 'h' curves below the baseline. No use of 'v'. Abbreviations include crossed tironian note, 'p' with barred descender, nasal bar, superscript 'a' and 'i', con-abbreviation (9). This scribe does not highlight proper names.
Notes

Level of Execution:Libraria
ScriptNorthern textualis
Folio rangeFrom f. 3ra to f. 3vd
Datec. 1300
Scribe description:Northern textualis rotundus with double compartment 'a' with open upper compartment, predominant use of long 's' in final position, occasional use of round 's' in final position at the end of the verseline. Use of 'v' in initial position. Use of i-longa after 'i' and occasionallu after 'u' in final position. Abbreviations include uncrossed tironian note, nasal bar also for q(ue), apostrophe, 'p' with barred descender, com- and us- abbreviation (9), superscript 'a'. This scribe indicates word-separation.
Notes

Provenance

DescriptionThe fragment were used as covers for the accounts of the Benedictine abbey of Gembloux for the years 1587, 1589-1590 and 1591.
Datec. 1591
PlaceGembloux (City in Belgium)
Ownershipof Gembloux, Benedictine abbey, Benedictine abbey of Gembloux